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There are a number of things that can cause a dry scalp. Here are a few:

  • Lack of hydration

  • Stress

  • Washing your hair or skin too much

  • Using water that is too hot especially in winter

  • Allergy to certain foods, cosmetic ingredients and skincare products

  • Weather conditions

  • Various skin conditions such as sensitive skin, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema.

If you have a dry scalp these are a few things you should look out for: (1)

  1. Dry areas on your face and body

  2. Itchy scalp

  3. Small white flakes

Look for ingredients that do not contain sulfates, silicones, parabens, mineral oils, denatured alcohols, synthetic fragrances, Phthalates, Para-Phenylenediamine (PPD) and formaldehydes.

Oiling the scalp and hair with massage is a traditional oiling technique that Indian children grow up with. Oiling the hair provides circulation to hair follicles, conditions, protects and nourishes the hair and scalp with essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals.


Dandruff is caused by a yeast-like fungus called Malassezia. Malassezia feeds on the sebum created in our scalp.

If you have dandruff you may have: (1)

  1. An itchy scalp

  2. Large white or oily yellow flakes

  3. Scaly skin that is red, irritated or oily


  • Wash your hair regularly. When treating with a medicated shampoo be mindful that some people may need to use it once a week and others may need to use it a few times per week. Regular usage of a medicated shampoo may make it less effective over time.

  • Get sun on your scalp for a brief time (being mindful) that sun can cause cancer and to wear sufficient protection and sunscreen when you are out and about.

  • Brush your hair regularly to get circulation and to encourage blood flow. It also helps to distribute sebum which can sometimes block hair follicles.

Many factors contribute to dandruff and it is best to see a doctor or a dermatologist.


  1., Stephanie Watson, (updated on March 7, 2019).


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